Perhaps, the most common feature about Egyptian tourism is its iconic Pyramids which over the years, have been known to be synonymous with the country.
There are several Pyramids in the country’s desert – like locations but the most prominent are the Pyramids at Giza – Pyramid of Khufu, Pyramid of Khafre and Pyramid of Menkaure. These Pyramids are considered the most famous and the largest structures ever built each with its own complex.
The Giza Pyramids can be found on the Giza Plateau on the outskirts of the capital city of Cairo. The largest of them all is the Khufu Pyramid which was initially named as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Khafre Pyramid is the second biggest and followed by the smaller Menkaure Pyramid.
The Khufu Pyramid also known as the great pyramid is said to have been built for Pharaoh Khufu. It stands at a whopping 147meters tall with a base measurement of 230meters. Khafre Pyramid, the second biggest, was built in honour of Khufu’s son, Khafre and its complex houses The Great Sphinx structure. The Menkaure Pyramid is much smaller and located in the Southern part of the complex.
These historical monuments are truly a majestic sight to behold depicting the outstanding past of ancient Egyptian civilisation. Little wonder they were all designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
These Pyramids are considered historical monuments that date back to the fourth dynasty of ancient Egypt. They have common features of limestone walls, valley temples, mortuary temples, causeways, boat pits and case stones both at the apex and base of the Pyramid.
Consensus among scholars and historians is that the pyramids were built as a final resting place for the Pharaohs, their queens and children.